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What Are The Common Injuries In Tennis And How To Prevent Them

Injuries In Tennis
In: Health

Tennis Injuries: Overview

For a competitive tennis player, a high number of tournaments may cause overuse injuries, including wrist injuries or tennis elbow. However, for noncompetitive tennis players, the common causes of overuse injuries are inadequate or improper physical or technique training. Studies have shown a report according to which injury rate in junior competitive tennis players ranges from 0.6 to 1.7 for every 1000 playing hours. However, this rate is significantly higher in adult or professional tennis players – it ranges from 2 to 6 injuries for every 1000 playing hours.

Studies have also shown that a tennis player may suffer from several injuries, including upper and lower extremities. Here we have discussed all the commonly occurring injuries in tennis players. As well as this, we also mentioned the potential preventive measures prescribed by professional trainers and healthcare professionals to get a safe tennis playing experience:

Common Injuries In Tennis

  1. Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow, medically known as lateral epicondylitis, is caused by the force of the tennis racquet when you hit the ball in the backhand position. Excessive strain during tennis may cause your forearm muscles (attached to the elbow from the outside) to become painful. Making a backhand stroke may also damage the tendons that roll over the end of the elbow.

Some other causes may include improper backhand stroke, weak wrist and shoulder muscles, improper tennis racquet, and hitting a heavy or wet ball. People involved in some occupations, including painting and using some hand tools, may also develop tennis elbow. Usually, the tennis elbow results in pain and tenderness on the outside of your elbow.

How to prevent tennis elbow

Professional trainers suggest the following preventive measures to avoid the chances of tennis elbow:

  • Warm up your body before playing
  • Use lightweight tools like racquets and footwear
  • Muscle conditioning is necessary
  • Regular stretching exercises help keep muscles active and flexible
  • Wear elbow braces to keep your elbow stress free
  1. Rotator cuff tear

Rotator cuff injury may result from progressive degeneration or substantial injury to the shoulder or wear and tear of the tendon tissues. The tendons may get damaged or irritated due to repetitive overhead activity or lifting heavy weight over a prolonged time. Your age, occupation type, and family history are the risk factors contributing to developing a rotator cuff tear.

The common symptoms may include pain that you may feel at rest or at night, particularly when lying on the affected shoulder. You might also feel pain when lifting and lowering your arm. Some specific conditions can worsen your pain. Rotator cuff tear may also make you feel weak while rotating or lifting your arms.

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How to prevent rotator cuff tear

Following the given preventive measures will help you reduce the chances of a rotator cuff tear:

  1. Jumpers’ Knee

Jumpers’ knee is one of the knee injuries commonly resulting from tennis. It may result from overloading the joints with repeated movements like jumping or bending. These movements make the tendons (which attach the knee to the shinbone) strained and tear, causing knee pain and injury. The most common symptoms of jumpers’ knees may include pain, tenderness, swelling, dull and aching knee pain, and weakness in your quad muscles. As well as this, you may also feel pain when you play, walk, or run.

How to prevent Jumpers’ knee

The given preventive measures will help you avoid the risks of the Jumpers’ knees:

  • Never forget to warm up your body before playing tennis
  • Never forget to cool down your muscles when the tennis session is over
  • Increase the intensity of training or exercises gradually
  • Wear proper footwear to reduce pressure on your knees
  • Wear knee braces to keep your knee joints aligned
  1. Wrist tendinitis

For tennis players, wrist pain is not surprising news. Wrist problems in tennis are very common, even in the most talented athletes. Wrist tendinitis usually results from repetitive stress on the wrist tendons. Overuse can irritate the sheath – a layer of lubricant tissues surrounds your tendons, leading to inflammation and enlargement.

The most common symptoms of wrist tendinitis are difficulty performing certain movements, stiffness, and a popping sensation when moving your hand, wrist, and fingers. As well as this, you may also feel swelling and pain around your wrist joints.

How to prevent wrist tendinitis

Ensure you follow all the given preventive measures, helping you save your wrists from overuse injuries in tennis:

  • Always warm up your body before playing tennis and exercising
  • Learn the proper shots and swinging techniques
  • Wear wrist braces to prevent wrist joints from overextension
  • Do regular stretching exercises to keep your wrist muscles and joints flexible
  • Take frequent breaks during practice and workout
  1. Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is an injury to the ankle or foot caused by the repetitive or intense strain on Ankle tendons. These tendons are the bands of tissues helping connect your heel bone to your calf muscles. These tendons also help you walk, run, jump, do toe pushups, or other movements.

Your physical problem, training choices, medical conditions, and medications are the risk factors contributing to developing Achilles tendinitis. Achilles tendinitis may make you feel pain in the heel when walking or running. As well as this, stiffness, tenderness, swelling, and difficulty standing are other common symptoms.

How to prevent Achilles tendinitis

The following are the most effective preventive measures prescribed by professional trainers to help avoid the chances of Achilles tendinitis:

  • Ensure your body is fully warmed up before playing
  • Increase your training or activity level gradually
  • Wear proper tennis footwear
  • Strengthen your calf muscles
  • Wear ankle supports to relieve extra pressure from the ankles

Conclusion

Tennis is one of the most exciting games played by both men and women. However, the sport may bring some serious injuries when you do not play accurately. Tennis injuries may include shoulder injuries, elbow injuries, wrist injuries, knee injuries, ankle injuries, and more. All the possible injuries resulting from tennis are discussed here along with their possible preventive measures. One of the most effective preventive measures is to wear tennis supports, helping keep your body away from injuries. 360 relief provides you with the best tennis supports or braces, helping you provide a safe tennis experience.

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