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Tengboche Monastery: All You Need to Know

In: Travel


Tengboche or Thyangboche Monastery is also popular by the name of Dawa Choling Gompa. It lies in the Khumbu region of eastern Nepal, in the Tengboche village of Khumjung. It is a significant Tibetan Buddhist monastery of the Sherpa community. The monastery, which has an elevation of 3,867 meters, is Nepal’s largest gompa.

According to reports, the monastery is home to 60 monks, a sign of its success financially. It is also claimed that fewer and fewer young boys are becoming monks. They rather prefer to engage in jobs related to mountaineering or trekking.

Lama Gulu constructed it back in 1916. It is closely connected to the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet, which is its mother monastery. For the Everest region’s Sherpa population, the monastery is extremely important. A significant portion of the Everest Base Camp trek also passes by the location.

The Geographical area 

The Sagarmatha National Park includes the monastery of Tengboche. The national park is on the list of the outstanding universal values of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. A panoramic view of the Himalayan Mountains surrounds the monastery. The peaks like Tawache, Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and Thamserku are among the views.

The Sagarmatha National Park’s “Sacred Sites Trail Project” comes to an end in Tengboche. It brings in a lot of tourists here. Especially those who want to go hiking and mountain climbing. The Tengboche Monastery is the endpoint of a circular trail. The trail travels past ten monasteries in a clockwise direction.

History and beliefs

Buddhism first spread throughout the Khumbu valley 350 years ago. The place houses this monastery. Hence, Tibet’s ancient texts describe this valley as a holy location.

There are many small hermitages and the oldest monastery in Khumbu, along with Tengboche. Pangboch houses these sites. The foundation of these sites is credited to Lama Sangwa Dorje. This belief is based on a footprint he left on a rock while meditating. His divine psychic knowledge and clairvoyant vision foretold the suitability of establishing a monastery at Tengboche.


The Tengboche monastery is famous for hosting the Mani Rimdu festival. Mani Rimdu is a festival of great significance to the Sherpa people. It falls in the tenth lunar month as per the Tibetan calendar. It usually falls in the months of October / November or the autumn season. 

Huge number of tourists visit the Khumbu region for the Everest Base Camp trek this season. The autumn season of Nepal is a peak climbing season, so it crowds the area. These trekkers get a lifetime opportunity to witness this festival. 

Nineteen days are dedicated to the festival. Religious celebrations include rituals and meditation. The words “Mani” and “Rimdu,” when combined, are said to have the meaning “Mani Rimdu.” In this context, “Mani” means “a chant of Chenrezig.” Alternatively, “Rimdu” or “Rilbu” refers to tiny red pills that people bless during the festival. All attendees receive the red pills after being repeatedly blessed.

During the festivities, people dress up in elaborate customs. To ward off evil, they perform certain acts through dances. 

As a result, Mani Rimdu and Tengboche Monastery are two of Nepal’s top tourist destinations. There are reportedly about 15,000 visitors to the monastery each year. The estimate for this number is 600 per week during the busiest travel season.

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